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[리눅스]리눅스 에러 코드

category 운영체제/리눅스 2017. 12. 21. 21:39
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오늘은 리눅스 에러코드에 대해 알아보겠습니다.


리눅스에서 시스템 콜이나 라이브러리 함수를 수행하다가 오류가 발생하면 사용자에게 에러 결과를 넘겨줍니다.


일반적인 오류에서 시스템콜의 리턴값은 -1이고, 라이브러리의 오류 리턴값은 NULL입니다.


이런 에러들을 perror 함수를 통해서 오류메시지를 출력할 수 있습니다.


 

 

 



example)

fd = fopen("test.txt", "r");

if ( fd < 0 ) {

perror("fopen error");

}


return 0;

}


위의 코드에서 fopen 함수 실행 시 에러가 발생하여 가 -1을 리턴한다면 아래와 같이 출력이 됩니다.


fopen error : No such file or directory


이유는 바로 perror함수에서 에러가 발생한 이유를 찾아주기 때문입니다.


아래에는 이러한 에러에 대한 코드를 나타낸 것입니다.


리눅스에서 /usr/include/asm/error.h 헤더 파일에 정의되어 있습니다.


 

 

 



#ifndef _I386_ERRNO_H

#define _I386_ERRNO_H


#define EPERM        1  /* Operation not permitted */

#define ENOENT       2  /* No such file or directory */

#define ESRCH        3  /* No such process */

#define EINTR        4  /* Interrupted system call */

#define EIO      5  /* I/O error */

#define ENXIO        6  /* No such device or address */

#define E2BIG        7  /* Arg list too long */

#define ENOEXEC      8  /* Exec format error */

#define EBADF        9  /* Bad file number */

#define ECHILD      10  /* No child processes */

#define EAGAIN      11  /* Try again */

#define ENOMEM      12  /* Out of memory */

#define EACCES      13  /* Permission denied */

#define EFAULT      14  /* Bad address */

#define ENOTBLK     15  /* Block device required */

#define EBUSY       16  /* Device or resource busy */

#define EEXIST      17  /* File exists */

#define EXDEV       18  /* Cross-device link */

#define ENODEV      19  /* No such device */

#define ENOTDIR     20  /* Not a directory */

#define EISDIR      21  /* Is a directory */

#define EINVAL      22  /* Invalid argument */

#define ENFILE      23  /* File table overflow */

#define EMFILE      24  /* Too many open files */

#define ENOTTY      25  /* Not a typewriter */

#define ETXTBSY     26  /* Text file busy */

#define EFBIG       27  /* File too large */

#define ENOSPC      28  /* No space left on device */

#define ESPIPE      29  /* Illegal seek */

#define EROFS       30  /* Read-only file system */

#define EMLINK      31  /* Too many links */

#define EPIPE       32  /* Broken pipe */

#define EDOM        33  /* Math argument out of domain of func */

#define ERANGE      34  /* Math result not representable */

#define EDEADLK     35  /* Resource deadlock would occur */

#define ENAMETOOLONG    36  /* File name too long */

#define ENOLCK      37  /* No record locks available */

#define ENOSYS      38  /* Function not implemented */

#define ENOTEMPTY   39  /* Directory not empty */

#define ELOOP       40  /* Too many symbolic links encountered */

#define EWOULDBLOCK EAGAIN  /* Operation would block */

#define ENOMSG      42  /* No message of desired type */

#define EIDRM       43  /* Identifier removed */

#define ECHRNG      44  /* Channel number out of range */

#define EL2NSYNC    45  /* Level 2 not synchronized */

#define EL3HLT      46  /* Level 3 halted */

#define EL3RST      47  /* Level 3 reset */

#define ELNRNG      48  /* Link number out of range */

#define EUNATCH     49  /* Protocol driver not attached */

#define ENOCSI      50  /* No CSI structure available */

#define EL2HLT      51  /* Level 2 halted */

#define EBADE       52  /* Invalid exchange */

#define EBADR       53  /* Invalid request descriptor */

#define EXFULL      54  /* Exchange full */

#define ENOANO      55  /* No anode */

#define EXFULL      54  /* Exchange full */

#define ENOANO      55  /* No anode */

#define EBADRQC     56  /* Invalid request code */

#define EBADSLT     57  /* Invalid slot */


#define EDEADLOCK   EDEADLK


#define EBFONT      59  /* Bad font file format */

#define ENOSTR      60  /* Device not a stream */

#define ENODATA     61  /* No data available */

#define ETIME       62  /* Timer expired */

#define ENOSR       63  /* Out of streams resources */

#define ENONET      64  /* Machine is not on the network */

#define ENOPKG      65  /* Package not installed */

#define EREMOTE     66  /* Object is remote */

#define ENOLINK     67  /* Link has been severed */

#define EADV        68  /* Advertise error */

#define ESRMNT      69  /* Srmount error */

#define ECOMM       70  /* Communication error on send */

#define EPROTO      71  /* Protocol error */

#define EMULTIHOP   72  /* Multihop attempted */

#define EDOTDOT     73  /* RFS specific error */

#define EBADMSG     74  /* Not a data message */

#define EOVERFLOW   75  /* Value too large for defined data type */

#define ENOTUNIQ    76  /* Name not unique on network */

#define EBADFD      77  /* File descriptor in bad state */

#define EREMCHG     78  /* Remote address changed */

#define ELIBACC     79  /* Can not access a needed shared library */

#define ELIBBAD     80  /* Accessing a corrupted shared library */

#define ELIBSCN     81  /* .lib section in a.out corrupted */

#define ELIBMAX     82  /* Attempting to link in too many shared libraries */

#define ELIBEXEC    83  /* Cannot exec a shared library directly */

#define EILSEQ      84  /* Illegal byte sequence */

#define ERESTART    85  /* Interrupted system call should be restarted */

#define ESTRPIPE    86  /* Streams pipe error */

#define EUSERS      87  /* Too many users */

#define ENOTSOCK    88  /* Socket operation on non-socket */

#define EDESTADDRREQ    89  /* Destination address required */

#define EMSGSIZE    90  /* Message too long */

#define EPROTOTYPE  91  /* Protocol wrong type for socket */

#define ENOPROTOOPT 92  /* Protocol not available */

#define EPROTONOSUPPORT 93  /* Protocol not supported */

#define ESOCKTNOSUPPORT 94  /* Socket type not supported */

#define EOPNOTSUPP  95  /* Operation not supported on transport endpoint */

#define EPFNOSUPPORT    96  /* Protocol family not supported */

#define EAFNOSUPPORT    97  /* Address family not supported by protocol */

#define EADDRINUSE  98  /* Address already in use */

#define EADDRNOTAVAIL   99  /* Cannot assign requested address */

#define ENETDOWN    100 /* Network is down */

#define ENETUNREACH 101 /* Network is unreachable */

#define ENETRESET   102 /* Network dropped connection because of reset */

#define ECONNABORTED    103 /* Software caused connection abort */

#define ECONNRESET  104 /* Connection reset by peer */

#define ENOBUFS     105 /* No buffer space available */

#define EISCONN     106 /* Transport endpoint is already connected */

#define ENOTCONN    107 /* Transport endpoint is not connected */

#define ESHUTDOWN   108 /* Cannot send after transport endpoint shutdown */

#define ETOOMANYREFS    109 /* Too many references: cannot splice */

#define ETIMEDOUT   110 /* Connection timed out */

#define ECONNREFUSED    111 /* Connection refused */

#define EHOSTDOWN   112 /* Host is down */

#define EHOSTUNREACH    113 /* No route to host */

#define EALREADY    114 /* Operation already in progress */

#define EINPROGRESS 115 /* Operation now in progress */

#define ESTALE      116 /* Stale NFS file handle */

#define EUCLEAN     117 /* Structure needs cleaning */

#define ENOTNAM     118 /* Not a XENIX named type file */

#define ENAVAIL     119 /* No XENIX semaphores available */

#define EISNAM      120 /* Is a named type file */

#define EREMOTEIO   121 /* Remote I/O error */

#define EDQUOT      122 /* Quota exceeded */


#define ENOMEDIUM   123 /* No medium found */

#define EMEDIUMTYPE 124 /* Wrong medium type */

#define ECANCELED   125 /* Operation Cancelled */

#define ENOKEY      126 /* Required key not available */

#define EKEYEXPIRED 127 /* Key has expired */

#define EKEYREVOKED 128 /* Key has been revoked */

#define EKEYREJECTED    129 /* Key was rejected by service */


#endif


 

 



오늘의 포스팅은 여기까지 입니다.


감사합니다.





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